Surprisingly, this fake data came from CoinMarketCap.com, the most widely cited source for Bitcoin volume and is also used by most of the major media outlets. CoinMarketCap hasn’t responded yet to the findings according to Packt.
“Despite its widespread use, the CoinMarketCap.com data is wrong. It includes a large amount of fake and/or non-economic trading volume, thereby giving a fundamentally mistaken impression of the true size and nature of the bitcoin market,” the Bitwise report states.
The report also claims that only 10 cryptocurrency exchanges have actual volume, including major names like Binance, Coinbase, Kraken, Gemini, and Bittrex.
CoinMarketCap.com (CMC) originally reported a combined $6 billion in average daily trading volume. However, the presentation by Bitwise to the U.S. Securities and Exchanges Commission (SEC) revealed that only $273 million of CMC’s reported BTC trading volume was legitimate.
The report also has a detailed breakdown of all the exchanges that report more than $1 million in daily trading volumes on CoinMarketCap.
Matthew Hougan, the global head of Bitwise’s research division, said, “People looked at cryptocurrency and said this market is a mess; that’s because they were looking at data that was manipulated”.
Bitwise also posted on its official Twitter account, “Arbitrage between the 10 real exchanges has improved significantly. The avg price deviation of any one exchange from the aggregate price is now less than 0.10%! Well below the arbitrage band considering exchange-level fees (0.10-0.30%) & hedging costs.”
Following are the key takeaways of the report:
- 95% of reported BTC spot volume is fake.
- Likely motive is listing fees (can be $1-3M)
- Real daily spot volume is ~$270M
- 10 exchanges make up almost all of the real trading volume
- Majority of the 10 are regulated
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