Trustwave has released the 2015 Trustwave Global Security Report which reveals the top cybercrime, data breach and security threat trends from 2014.
The report discloses how much criminals can profit from malware attacks, which data they
target, how they get inside, how long it takes for businesses to detect and contain data breaches, what types of businesses criminals are targeting and where the majority of victims are located. It also reveals the most commonly used exploits, most prevalent malware families and more.
Trustwave experts gathered the data from 574 breach investigations the company’s SpiderLabs team conducted in 2014 across 15 countries in addition to proprietary threat intelligence gleaned from the company’s five global Security Operations Centers, security scanning and penetration testing results, telemetry from security technologies distributed across the globe and industry-leading security research.
2015 Trustwave Global Security Report: Key Highlights
- Return on investment: Attackers receive an estimated 1,425% return on investment for exploit kit and ransomware schemes ($84,100 net revenue for each $5,900 investment)
- Weak application security: 98% of applications tested by Trustwave in 2014 had at least one vulnerability. The maximum number of vulnerabilities Trustwave experts found in a single application was 747. The median number of vulnerabilities per application increased 43% in 2014 from the previous year.
- The password problem: “Password1” was still the most commonly used password. 39% of passwords were eight characters long. The estimated time it took Trustwave security testers to crack an eight-character password was one day. The estimated time it takes to crack a ten-character password is 591 days.
- Where victims reside: Half of the compromises Trustwave investigated occurred in the United States (a nine percentage point decrease from 2013).
- Who criminals target: Retail was the most compromised industry making up 43% of Trustwave’s investigations followed by food and beverage (13%) and hospitality (12%).
- Top assets compromised: 42% of investigations were of e-commerce breaches. Forty were of point-of-sale (POS) breaches. POS compromises increased seven percentage points from 2013 to 2014, making up 33% of Trustwave’s investigations in 2013 and 40% in 2014. E-commerce compromises decreased 13 percentage points from 2013 to 2014.
- Data most targeted: In 31% of cases Trustwave investigators found attackers targeted payment card track data (up 12 percentage points over 2013). Track data is the information on the back of a payment card that’s needed for an in-person transaction. Twenty percent of the time attackers sought either financial credentials or proprietary information (compared to 45% in 2013) meaning attackers shifted their focus back to payment card data.
- Lack of self-detection: The majority of victims, 81%, did not detect breaches themselves. The report reveals that self-detection leads to quicker containment of a breach. In 2014, for self-detected breaches, a median of 14.5 days elapsed from intrusion to containment. For breaches detected by an external party, a median of 154 days elapsed from intrusion to containment.
- How criminals break in: Weak remote access security and weak passwords tied as the vulnerability most exploited by criminals in 2014. Weak remote access security or weak passwords contributed to 94% of POS breaches.
- Spam on the decline: Spam volume continues to decrease making up 60% of total inbound mail (compared to 69% in 2013 and more than 90% at its peak in 2008), but six percent of it included a malicious attachment or link, a slight increase from 2013.
“To defend against today’s sophisticated criminals, businesses must see attacks from their front windshield instead of their rear view mirror,” said Trustwave Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President Robert J. McCullen. “By providing a wealth of current, actionable data breach trends and threat intelligence, our 2015 Trustwave Global Security Report helps businesses identify what’s coming so that they can engage the people, processes and technologies needed to thwart cybercrime attacks that can generate close to a 1,500 return on investment.”
Download a complimentary copy of the full 2015_TrustwaveGlobalSecurityReport