The European Central Bank (ECB) has today published its European payments statistics for 2015 on non-cash payments, which comprise indicators on access to and use of payment services and terminals by the public, as well as volumes and values of transactions processed through payment systems.
The total number of non-cash payments in the EU, comprising all types of payment services, increased by 8.5% to 112.1 billion in 2015 compared with the previous year. Card payments accounted for 47% of all transactions, while credit transfers accounted for 26% and direct debits for 21%.
The number of credit transfers within the EU increased in 2015 by 6.4% to 28.8 billion. The importance of paper-based transactions continued to decrease, with the ratio of paper-based transactions to transactions initiated electronically standing at around one to eight.
The number of cards with a payment function in the EU increased in 2015 by 1.8% to 781 million. With a total EU population of 510 million, this represented around 1.5 payment cards per EU inhabitant. The number of card transactions rose by 11.5% to 53.0 billion, with a total value of €2.6 trillion. This corresponds to an average value of around €49 per card transaction. Chart 1 below shows the use of the main payment services from 2000 to 2015.
The relative importance of each of the main payment services continued to vary widely across EU countries in 2015 (see Annex). In 2015, the total number of automatic teller machines (ATMs) in the EU decreased by 1.4% to 0.45 million, while the number of point of sale (POS) terminals increased by 6.5% to 11.2 million.
Retail payment systems
Retail payment systems in the EU handle mainly payments that are made by the public, with a relatively low value, high volume, and limited time-criticality. In 2015, 45 retail payment systems existed within the EU as a whole. During the year, almost 51 billion transactions were processed by those systems with an amount of €41.1 trillion.
26 of these systems were located in the euro area, where they processed over 37 billion transactions in 2015 (i.e. 73% of the EU total) with a value amounting to €28.4 trillion (i.e. 69% of the EU total).
There continues to be a notable degree of concentration in EU retail payment systems in 2015. The four largest systems in terms of number of transactions (CORE in France, STEP2, BACS in the United Kingdom and RPS in Germany) processed 66% of the volume and value of all transactions processed by EU retail payment systems. Chart 2 shows the number and value of transactions processed by EU retail payment systems in 2015.
Large-value payment systems
Outside the EU, Continuous Linked Settlement (CLS) is the most important large value payment system processing, inter alia, euro and other EU currencies. CLS (all currencies) settled 219 million transactions with a value of €1119 trillion in 2015. Chart 3 below shows the number and value of transactions processed by LVPSs in 2015.